First of all, the supplementary nutrients required by the dietary guidelines must be supplemented, and the food that cannot be eaten should be avoided as much as possible because it is related to the development of the fetus.
Secondly, expectant mothers should pay attention to preventing iron deficiency anemia. At this time, the demand of pregnant women for iron has increased by nearly 4 times, and the fetus will unceremoniously absorb the iron in pregnant women. If there is anemia before pregnancy, pregnant women are extremely vulnerable Iron-deficiency anemia occurs, the consequence of which is to reduce the oxygen-carrying capacity of pregnant women's blood cells, thereby causing intrauterine hypoxia of the fetus, resulting in intrauterine stillbirth or premature birth. Then, mothers-to-be should go outdoors to breathe fresh air and get more sunlight, which can improve the resistance of mothers-to-be, prevent infectious diseases, and benefit the development of the fetus.
But how to get in the sun depends on the season, the climate, and each person's specific situation. Finally, we should point out that pregnant women will experience nausea, vomiting, headache, rapid heartbeat, and other symptoms after eating foods containing caffeine. Caffeine will also enter the fetus through the placenta, affecting fetal development; the alum used in the production of fried dough sticks is an inorganic substance containing aluminum. Aluminum can invade the fetal brain through the placenta and affect the development of fetal intelligence. Such foods should be avoided.
The most important thing is not to blindly take supplements. There is no significant increase in the demand for calories, protein, and fat in the second trimester. Excessive supplementation and rapid weight gain will increase the probability of gestational diabetes and other problems. For the healthy growth and development of the fetus, friends as expectant mothers should act quickly!